Naga Panchami is a day of traditional worship of Nagas or snakes observed by Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists throughout India, Nepal, and other countries where Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist adherents live. The worship is offered on the fifth day of the bright half of the lunar month of Shravana, according to the Hindu calendar.
Nag Panchami is a day devoted to the Nag Devta or the snake god in the Hindu tradition. Every year, this day is celebrated during the auspicious month of Sawan, according to the Hindu calendar. This year, Nag Panchami is on August 13. It’s an important day for the devotees of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu.
One of the most popular beliefs is that the day is celebrated to commemorate the victory of Lord Krishna over the Kaliya Naag of the sacred Yamuna River. Another prominent belief is connected to Lord Shiva and the serpent that adorns its neck called Vasuki.
On this day, people go to temples to worship snake deities, and in some cases to snake pits to worship real snakes, where they make offerings like milk, sweets, and flowers to the snakes. During the festival, women observe a fast or vrat, where they abstain from food, signifying devotion and discipline.
People consume stale food which has been prepared the previous day. People avoid plowing and digging the field on this day so that snakes are not harmed. People do not do any cutting in the fields as there are chances of harming snakes.